Are you a coffee addict? Speaking of coffee beans, what is the first type of coffee bean that comes into your mind? Is it Arabica or is it Robusta? But is there only two types of coffee beans in the world? Absolutely not! Arabica and Robusta are the major ones that produced globally but there are still more! We have identified the characteristics of each type of coffee beans in this article. After reading the article, you will definitely know which bean suits you best!
Arabica beans are the majority coffee beans produced and sold around the world. They are the most popular type of coffee, 60%-70% of world’s coffee productions and exports were Arabica beans. They’re generally considered to be of a higher quality than the other bean types . Arabica beans are typically used for black coffee as arabica beans have a sweeter, complex flavor that can drink straight. Hot brewing can bring out the best quality of the bean, especially manual techniques like pour over. Most coffee enthusiasts prefer using Arabica beans due to its taste. However, their depth and complexity can get diluted if added with creamers and sugars or cold brewing methods. Although arabica beans are popular, they only have half the amount of caffeine that Coffee Robusta has.
Robusta beans are cheaper and a much stronger and bitter bean. Many types of espressos used Robusta beans and they are most suitable for those that prefer a really strong coffee. They have around double the caffeine content of Arabica beans. Higher quality Robusta beans tend to have a lower acidity and heavy body. These brews stand up better against things like cream and sugar. If you are looking for something strong enough to wake you up on Monday mornings, go for coffee with Robusta beans！
Liberica Coffee Beans
Liberica is like cousins to Arabica and Robusta. They are less known in the coffee world and has less than 1% of global coffee production. These are rare species and can only grow in very specific climates. (They are growing in Malaysia too!) Liberica plant is much stronger than Arabica, resistant to several plant diseases and is able to plant at a low altitude. It has flavorful taste, juiciness and intense sweetness.
History of Liberica
Liberica coffee was once incredibly popular near the end of the 19th century. It is because of a plant disease known as “coffee rust” eliminated almost all of the Arabica plants across the entire planet. Because coffee was such a huge commodity, farmers and government bodies both set out to find suitable substitutes. The Philippines were the first to harvest and sell the Liberica plant at a noteworthy volume. The Philippines was a U.S. territory but as its economy grew, the nation declared its independence. As a result, the U.S. imposed steep economic sanctions and cut off supplies to the country. This led to the downfall of the Liberica coffee bean in the global marketplace, as no other nations were ever able to step up and match the production that the Philippines had once pioneered.
Excelsa Coffee Beans
Excelsa is a member of the Liberica family, but its species is actually incredibly distinct. Although Excelsa recently re-classified as a member of the Liberica family, the two couldn’t be more different; it differs so much from Liberica that some members of the coffee community still think of it as a separate species. Their shape is somewhat like Liberica beans, elongated ovals. These beans grow on large 20 to 30-foot coffee plants at medium altitudes. Excelsa grown primarily in Southeast Asia, represents only a 7% of the world’s coffee production. Their flavors combine light roast traits, like tart notes and fruity flavors with flavors that are more reminiscent of dark roasts. They’re also lighter on aroma and caffeine while maintaining an unusual depth of flavor. You can sometimes find these unusual beans in blends for an extra boost of flavor and complexity.
Which and what should you choose?
Now that you’re familiar with the major types of coffee beans, it’s time to start shopping! If you want the best flavor and don’t mind paying a little extra, look for coffee that’s 100% Arabica. Prefer to save money, and don’t mind a little bitterness? Then a bag of Robusta would be a great choice! Don’t have a coffee machine or coffee vending machine in your area? Like Me Coffee is here to provide you package of coffee machine with beans and also FREE vending machine placement in your area! Just contact us with your preferences and we will come back to you as soon as possible.